Guide for Women, Men and Teenager
In this Article you will find a simple and helpful understanding about The reason of Acne Hormonal, the difference between Women and Men and what you can do to prevent and cure it with Natural Acne Remedies and with conventional medicine.
Hormones & effect on our Skin
Any kind of acne can be frustrating, upsetting with drop in self-image and self-esteem. Hormonal acne is a difficult type of acne to treat because our hormones are here to stay, and we need them in order to function properly.
If there are other symptoms such as facial hair, irregular menstrual periods or an quick increased of muscle mass, is recommendable to visit a doctor to determine what is the cause of the hormone imbalance.
There are several hormones that play a part in hormonal acne; estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone.
Estrogen is responsible for female characteristics and sexual function, and is produced by the ovaries. It also plays a key part in ovulation as it helps to trigger the ovaries to release an egg. Progesterone plays a large role in pregnancy and therefore is present in the second half of the woman’s menstrual cycle. If a female does not get pregnant, progesterone levels fall and bleeding occurs. Testosterone is the hormone responsible for sexual function.
Hormonal Acne: for Women
For women of childbearing age, hormonal acne flare ups begin a week or max ten days prior to the beginning of her period. In the second half of a woman’s menstrual cycle, progesterone production increases which causes an increase in sebum. Sebum is a sticky, oil-like substance that can cause breakouts in many people.
Progesterone often causes your facial tissue to swell a bit causing pores to appear smaller, and while that may be a favorable look for women, it can create a breeding ground for acne to develop. As progesterone begins to diminish in the last part of a woman’s menstrual cycle, testosterone is the dominant hormone. Yes, even women have testosterone. This testosterone causes even more sebum to be produced. These factors can be a bad combination for hormonal acne as it provides an environment conducive to breakouts.
For women that are perimenopausal or menopausal, hormonal acne can crop up. This is possible even if there were never any issues prior to the onset of menopause. However, some of the same factors that cause women of childbearing years to get hormonal acne can cause perimenopausal women the same distress.
As a woman approaches menopause, estrogen levels drop leaving testosterone to be the main sex hormone circulating in the bloodstream. As we have already discovered, testosterone causes an increase in sebum.
Further exacerbating the issue, however, is the fact that the skin has slowed down on creating new skin cells. This means that older skin cells are on the surface of the skin. Combine that with the excess sebum from the testosterone, and it can create blemishes.
Hormonal Acne: for Men
Men also get hormonal acne, though not in the same way as women. While women have an approximate 28 day cycle, men simply have higher testosterone levels. There is no ebb and flow as is the case for women, and as discussed above, testosterone causes increased production of sebum. Men have 10 times the amount of testosterone as women have making men with hormonal acne suffer on a daily basis.
Natural Acne Remedies
If you would like to try to cure or prevent Acne with natural and simple remedies, here you can find an interesting list of Natural Acne Remedies.
Many researched seem to recommend changes in diet and reduce the sugar level in the blood system as two of the biggest culprits when it comes to acne.
- Dairy seems to be closely related to hormonal acne as milk contains hormones that closely resemble testosterone.
The link has not been proven; however, many medical experts indicate that after taking their patients off dairy, their skin cleared up quite quickly.
- Reduce the amount of carbohydrates consumed, as when sugar is ingested into the body, insulin is released by the pancreas to bring blood sugar levels back to normal and allows glucose to enter our body’s cells.
Insulin is another hormone the body produces. Also, be sure you are drinking at least eight glasses of water per day. Water helps to flush your body of toxins. Honey masks can be helpful as honey contains anti-bacterial properties which can help to kill the bacteria that causes acne in the first place. Try to introduce carrots, sweet potatoes, and other fruits and vegetables high in beta carotene into your diet daily.
Beta carotene is converted into Vitamin A in your body, and Vitamin A helps to prevent acne and protects your skin. In fact, if your body is deficient in Vitamin A, it can cause acne. Zinc is one additional nutritional element you should take care to add to your diet as it also has antibacterial properties. A deficiency in zinc can also cause acne.
You may also want to introduce a Chromium supplement into your daily routine. This supplement is most popular in weight loss diets; however, it is also known to cure skin infections.
Of course, always make sure you take care of your skin. Wash very well your face at least twice per day with a facial wash that has an acne medication in it such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. If you exercise, be sure to wash your face afterwards to get rid of the sweat and dirt that builds up during exercise. If you are prone to breakouts on other parts of your body, such as your back, there are body washes that contain salicylic acid in them.
Some people like to use scrubs to exfoliate; however, be careful because exfoliating skin with acne can cause redness, irritation, and more breakouts. Chemical exfoliation is a better idea for acne prone skin as it will not irritate as greatly. Look for an exfoliator that has glycolic acid or lactic acid. These loosen or dissolve the bonds that hold the dead skin cells to your skin. Make sure that any cosmetics or lotion you are using is labeled as non-comedogenic.
“Non-comedogenic does not guarantee that the product will not cause acne. It means that the product does not contain ingredients that are known to clog up the pores, which increases the chances of acne formation“.
Make sure that you keep your hands away from your face as your hands can introduce bacteria to the skin. Going along with that, make sure you do not pick at your face. Doing so can cause permanent scarring, and it could also make your blemish worse.
Also make sure that you are keeping your phone clean as you hold your phone in areas that are very problematic for people with hormonal acne.
Try to wash your pillow case frequently. Your pillow case will absorb the dirt and oil on your skin and redistribute it on the following nights. This will create a hostile environment for your skin during the time when your skin should be healing itself the most.
Prescription Acne Creams
Medical Solutions for Hormonal Acne are not so simple to choose because hormones are effectively important for many functionality in the body and alter hormonal level or productivity may cause problem way more problematic than acne.
Certain birth control pills even target hormonal acne specifically by slowing down oil production, the reason is because birth control pills help to reduce the amount of testosterone in the bloodstream by increasing the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), which absorbs the testosterone.
Other medications include Accutane, antibiotics, and Spironolactone.
- Accutane is a vitamin A derivative, and taken in pill form for approximately four months. It works by shrinking the oil glands that create the sebum in the first place and reduces the amount of oil being produced. Acne bacteria grow in the oil, therefore, if there is less oil, there is less bacteria. It also slows down the production of skin cells in the pores, making it less likely for pores to become clogged, and it reduces inflammation which can also help to clog your pores. It is important to note that while on Accutane, women of childbearing years must also take two forms of birth control as birth defects are severe if a pregnancy occurs while taking this medication.
- Spironolactone is considered an anti-androgen drug, and while not officially approved for use as a treatment for acne, many dermatologists use it off label. Androgens are male hormones, such as testosterone. As stated earlier, testosterone is one of the hormones responsible for acne, therefore, in women that have hormonal acne, this will block the absorption of testosterone into the cells of the body.
For women going through menopause, there are a few other options available.
- Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is used to help women deal with the many changes happening in her body, acne being one of them. In hormone replacement therapy, supplemental estrogen is given to help with hot flashes, night sweats and weight gain. Although, physicians do not typically prescribe HRT for acne alone because of the potential side effects, many patients and doctors report an improved complexion.
Hormonal acne can be more difficult to treat than other types; however, there is no reason that it can not be cleared up within a reasonable amount of time. Also keep in mind that while it may make the person suffering to have a lack of self-esteem, there is more to who you are than just your acne. A beautiful person begins on the inside, and that shows no matter whether your skin is crystal clear or not.
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