Acne is a type of skin disease, which is caused by the acne bacteria. It can occur during adolescence and if un-treated can remain on your face and neck until the age of 30. It appears in the form of pimples, blackheads, zits, usually with red marks and bumps. There are many sources of acne. It is hereditary to some extent in that there are certain genetic characteristics that trigger acne outbreak, but other main causes include hormonal cycles, hyperactive glands, accumulation of dead cells and the use of steroids.
How Do Acne Scars Form:
Acne scars are triggered by the combination of skin oils originating from the sebaceous gland and the acne bacteria. The gland is located at the base of the hair follicles where the oil keeps the skin from getting dry. The acne bacteria metabolize the oil, causing irritation and stopping the hair follicles, meaning they can no longer exfoliate the skin, causing a build-up below the skin. This in-turn causes inflammation which is traumatic for the skin and creates a wound resulting in an acne scar, which the body then heals by forcing collagen to the scars.
Types of Acne Scars:
There are different types of scars, identifiable by their unique appearance common types include:
Ice Pick Scars –These acne scars are extremely narrow and deep, and they go into the dermis. The name is derived from the look of the scars, as the skin has the appearance of ice pick piercing. They typically occur after cysts or when deep inflammation pushes its way to the skin’s surface, destroying skin tissue and leaving long lined scars.
Boxcar Scars –Another type of acne scars are the boxcar scars which are oval or round depressions having steep vertical sides. They are wider compared to ice pick scars, and create a pitted look. This type of scar develops when an inflammatory breakout occurs and the collagen gets destroyed causing loss of tissue. In such a case, the skin doesn’t have any support and so a depression occurs. Depending on tissue loss these range from severe to superficial.
Rolling Scars –This type of acne scarring causes wave-like or rolling undulations over an otherwise regular skin. These types of scars appear when fibrous tissue develops between the skin and the subcutaneous tissue under it. The fibrous tissue bands pull at the epidermis and bind it with deeper skin structures. Because of this pulling, this scar creates rolling folds on the skin.
Hypertrophic/Keloid Scars –These scars consist of raised tissue. Contrary to boxcar or ice pick scars, these are not caused because of tissue loss; they are caused by overproduction of collagen.
Hyper Pigmentation–This type of acne scars occur when the melanin-producing cells start building up at the area of injury. They typically look like blotches or freckle spots.
Hypo Pigmentation –Opposite to hyper pigmentation, this type of scars occur when the melanin-producing cells are depleted or stop producing melanin.
Effective Scar Treatment:
My personal favourite is Eau Thermale Avene Cicalfate Antibacterial Repair Cream, which is recommended by Dermatologists everywhere, it contains zinc sulfate and copper sulfate which helps fight the bacteria in your acne scar. It also contains micronised sucralfate which enables tissue regeneration and helps the scars to disappear.
In simple terms it fights the acne bacteria and then heals the skin.
Lloyds Pharmacy – Personally I use Lloyds Pharmacy, they have fast delivery, and are a licenced Pharmacy so you can ensure the cream is genuine, unlike some of the cream on amazon, although this option is probably only viable in the UK, so if you cannot source the cream from a Local Pharmacy, you may have to use Amazon.[social_share/]
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